180 Children’s Legal Rights Journal [Vol. 39:2 2019]
to other mandates or prioritized by sub-region. The objectives and achievements to the thematic
lines to date are described as follows:
A. Violence and the rights of children in different areas and life circles
The IIN has three main objectives regarding children and violence: to eradicate violence in
everyday settings, accompaniment of the legislative process, and the awareness and production of
knowledge and tools for a better understanding of the child’s rights. When assessing these
objectives, the different types of violence involving children are considered.
To achieve these goals, the IIN conducts trainings to reduce violence. This is done by
drawing general technical guidelines and drafting bills to avoid corporal punishment. Further, it
promotes nonviolent forms of discipline, and exchanges between States. These activities are done
with the presence of civil society and academia to reinforce the understandings of the different
forms of involvement of adolescents in criminal violence.
Achievements thus far include the elaboration of reports and papers related to youth and
gang participation, and juvenile criminal justice. IIN has also launched the course "Violence and
Children’s Rights Building Peaceful Environments" in alliance with SOS Kinderdorf International,
an international organization that helps kids who have lost parental care or are at risk of losing it.
This course is meant to train professionals working with children on how to react and protect them
in contexts of violence.
B. Early childhood
Early childhood is one of the themes that continues to exist due to the need to strengthen
the implementation of public policies in every country. The commitment to the topic of early
childhood within the Action Plan is to strengthen institutional capacity to coordinate intersectional
strategies. Specific objectives include training on parenting skills for childcare and child-rearing.
The general goal is to eradicate violence in everyday settings and focus on the right to a family (to
avoid institutionalization). Through the 2015-2019 period, the IIN has attained the development
of the virtual course, "Early Childhood," and the communicational campaign on
deinstitutionalization, "The Right of the Child to the Family," based on the document of the same
name of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights. The virtual course advances awareness
of the importance of prioritizing early childhood in public policies related to children. The
campaign promotes the child’s right to belong to a family and promotes actions to avoid child
C. Sexual violence and sexual exploitation
In 2007, the IIN Directing Council adopted a resolution creating a program for the
prevention, and eradication of sexual exploitation, smuggling, and trafficking in children. The
Institute continues to weigh its efforts through the compilation, systematization, and updating of
related information, research, and creation of tools. This helps States to address the sexual
exploitation of children, and legally assist and train the member States. The continuance of the
program has led to the IIN becoming an observer member of the Regional Action Group of the