transfer to other facilities.290 Amendments also clarified that solitary confinement did not include
confinement of a ward or minor in a single-person room or cell for brief periods of locked-room
confinement necessary for institutional operations such as shift changes, showering, and unit
movements.291 The bill made it out of the Senate and into the Assembly.292 In the end, however,
the Chief Probation Officers of California maintained that the legislation was unnecessary.
The Board of State and Community Corrections (BSCC) already has regulations on
juvenile solitary confinement contained in Title 15 and 24. It is unnecessary at this
time to incur additional costs of rewriting and training on standards that have
already been put in place. Current state regulations, as well as local policies and
procedures, authorize the manager or designee to make the determination of who
should be removed from the general program as a result of safety and security
issues. Further, the definition of solitary confinement would essentially apply to
every juvenile within a facility based on its broad application to this population.293
The ongoing opposition was troubling to Senator Yee and the co-sponsors. They felt that
pressure for successive amendments was eviscerating the bill in ways that threatened its underlying
purpose.294 Although it received a majority of votes in its last committee, Senator Yee did not press
forward, and the bill died in the Assembly.295
D. Senate Bill 970 (2014): Senator Yee’s Arrest
In February 2014, Senator Yee introduced the legislation for a third time as S.B. 970.296
His efforts suddenly halted in March 2014 when he was arrested on federal corruption charges
alleging bribery and gun trafficking.297 The bill was pulled from committee before its first
hearing.298 It died in November 2014 without further action.299
Still reeling from the shock of Senator Yee’s arrest, bill sponsors reached out to legislators
who might be interested in carrying the bill, but ultimately decided to wait until the next session
with the hope of finding a true champion.300 During the summer of 2014, they connected with
another Bay Area legislator, Senator Mark Leno, a well-respected politician with extensive
290 S.B. 61, supra note 267.
293 S. COMM ON PUBLIC SAFETY, BILL ANALYSIS, supra note 280.
294 Interview with Jennifer Kim, supra note 263.
295 Id.; SB- 61 Juveniles: solitary confinement, CALIFORNIA LEGISLATIVE INFORMATION,
http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billStatusClient.xhtml?bill_id=201320140SB61 (last visited Jan. 6, 2019).
296 The scheduled committee hearing was postponed March 26, 2013, and the bill was withdrawn from the committee
on April 1. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF S.B. 970, 2013-2014 at 1 (2014),
297 Marisa Lagos et al., California state Sen. Yee arrested in corruption case, SF GATE (Mar. 28, 2014, 9: 56 AM),