In 2015, the Council released an online toolkit, Reducing Isolation, followed by a 2016
Issue Brief on Room Isolation, Sustaining the Gains.191 The toolkit defined “isolation” as “[a]ny
time a youth is physically and/or socially isolated for punishment or for administrative purposes”
and noted that it does not include medical or protective isolation.192 It provided a general overview
of the issue of isolation, a summary of research of the harms of isolation on young people, steps
to reduce the use of isolation, and four case studies from jurisdictions that have significantly
reduced the use of isolation in their facilities.193
The toolkit also responded to arguments that restricting or eliminating the practice of
isolation would put staff in danger, put facility security at risk, and remove a much-needed tool
from facility operations.194 The toolkit unequivocally concluded that there is no research
supporting these beliefs and that, in fact, facilities that use isolation minimally are safer because
they have fewer injuries to youth and staff, less suicidal behavior and overall violence, and
healthier staff-youth relationships.195 The toolkit also set forth the Council’s position that
“isolating or confining a youth in his [or] her room should be used only to protect the youth from
harming him [or] herself or others and if used, should be for a short period and supervised.”196 It
recommended that jurisdictions develop written policies that include time limits, staff training,
supervision of staff, requirements for documentation, consideration of a youth’s mental and
medical state, and restrictions on use of isolation as a punitive measure.197
C. Stop Solitary for Kids
In 2016, the Center for Children’s Law and Policy (CCLP)198 launched Stop Solitary for
Kids, a national campaign to end solitary confinement for young people in juvenile and adult
facilities.199 The campaign represented a unique partnership with juvenile justice advocates,
juvenile corrections administrators and staff, researchers, and media advocates aimed at bringing
an end to the harmful practice of isolation in juvenile justice facilities throughout the country.200
The Stop Solitary for Kids campaign embraced the idea that lasting change must include
providing administrators and staff working in the facilities with real strategies to safely operate
191 REDUCING THE USE OF ISOLATION, supra note 186; COUNCIL OF JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATORS,
REDUCING ISOLATION IN YOUTH FACILITIES SUSTAINING THE GAINS: ALTERNATIVE TOOLS TO ISOLATION 1 (2016),
%20June%207%202016.pdf [hereinafter SUSTAINING THE GAINS].
192 REDUCING THE USE OF ISOLATION, supra note 186, at 2.
193 Id. at 1.
194 Id. at 3.
195 Id. at 3–5.
196 Id. at 5.
198 The Center for Children’s Law and Policy is a public interest law and policy organization based in Washington,
D.C. See CTR. FOR CHILDREN’S LAW & POL’Y, http://www.cclp.org/who-we-are/#our-mission (last visited Jan. 6,
199 Mission, STOP SOLITARY FOR KIDS, http://www.stopsolitaryforkids.org/mission/ (last visited Jan. 6, 2019).
200 The partnership includes the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators; the Justice Policy Institute, which
researches and analyzes effective justice programs and disseminates its findings to the media, policymakers and
advocates; and the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform at Georgetown University, which provides training programs
and networking opportunities for public agencies across the country to help them better translate knowledge on “what
works” into everyday practice and policy. Partner Organizations, STOP SOLITARY FOR KIDS,
http://www.stopsolitaryforkids.org/partner-organizations (last visited Jan. 6, 2019).