“The NFL has had a quarter-century to deal with this problem and is still suiting up 5-year-olds in
body armor… I think [measures to protect children’s long-term cognitive health] have to come
from a higher power.” Although the measures are seen by some as the end of youth football, many
advocates point to the heightened enrollment in flag and touch football as a shift in how parents
want their children to play football at early ages. That tackle football enrollment continues to
decline because of health concerns, these legislative efforts should be seen as a way of preserving
football as a cornerstone of American sporting culture for generations to come.
Adam Zielonka, Maryland Bill to Ban Tackle Football Under 14 is Officially Filed, WASH. TIMES (Feb. 8, 2018),
Ben Strauss, U.S. Soccer, Resolving Lawsuit, Will Limit Headers for Youth Players, N. Y. TIMES (Nov. 9, 2015),
CHRIS NOWINSKI & ROBERT CANTU, CONCUSSION LEGACY FOUNDATION, FLAG FOOTBALL UNDER 14: AN
EDUCATION CAMPAIGN FOR PARENTS (Jan. 17, 2018),
CTE Prevention Act, H.B. 4341, 100th Gen. Assemb. (Ill. 2018).
Debra Gordon, From the Legislature to the Field: “Return-to-Play” Laws and Youth Concussions, GWU PUB.
HEALTH ONLINE BLOG (Mar. 29, 2016), www.publichealthonline.gwu.edu/blog/return-to-play-laws-youth-concussions/.
Edwin Rios, California is the Fourth State in a Month to Propose Banning Youth Tackle Football, MOTHER JONES
(Feb. 9, 2018), www.motherjones.com/media/2018/02/california-is-the-fourth-state-in-a-month-to-propose-
Jack Moore, The Limits of Football Helmets, THE ATLANTIC (Feb. 5, 2016),
Jane. E. Brody, Concussions Can Occur in All Youth Sports, N.Y. TIMES WELL BLOG (Aug. 24, 2015),
N.Y. Legis. Assemb. AO-1269. Reg. Sess. 2017-2018 (N. Y. 2017).
Julie DiCaro, Repetitive Hits, Concussions, and a Mother’s Long Goodbye to Youth Football, WASH. (Sept. 12,
Ken Belson, N.F.L. Official Affirms Link Between Playing Football and C. T.E., N.Y. TIMES (Mar. 14,2016),
Md. H.D. 1210, 2018 Leg., 438th Sess. (Md. 2018).
OFFICE OF ASSEMBLYMEMBER KEVIN MCCARTY, Assemblymembers McCarty and Gonzalez Fletcher Announce
“Safe Youth Football Act” to Protect Children from Brain Injury, (Feb. 8, 2018), a07.asmdc.org/press-