A. Security Council
The United Nations is composed of six main organs, one of which is the Security Council,
the primary international peace and security body. 109 Article 24 of the Charter of the United
Nations mandates the Security Council to act on behalf of all members of the United Nations, to
ensure prompt and effective action with respect to the maintenance of international peace and
security. 110 All members of the United Nations, in accordance with Article 25 of the Charter of the
United Nations, agree to carry out all decisions of the Security Council, 111 decisions which are
considered binding by the International Court of Justice. 112 Therefore, the Security Council has
discretion to use any measures it deems necessary, excluding the use of armed forces, to give effect
to its decisions. 113
On February 13, 2017, the United Nations Security Council held its 7882nd meeting. 114
Addressing the prominence of terrorism, the Security Council adopted Resolution 2341,
reaffirming that terrorism is one of the most serious threats to international peace and security. 115
The Resolution further reaffirms that counterterrorism efforts must be conducted in compliance
with international human rights law and international humanitarian law. 116 The broad, vague
language contained in Resolution 2341 is ineffective in addressing specific issues surrounding
The Security Council must take it upon itself to pass a resolution condemning Saudi
Arabia’s use of capital punishment against any person who committed the punishable offense as a
juvenile, regardless of the severity of the crime. The Council must explicitly interpret its
affirmation that counterterrorism efforts comply with international human rights law to include the
provisions laid out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, specifically
B. Committee on the Rights of the Child
Governments that have ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
or one of its Optional Protocols must report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child. 117 This
Committee is made up of eighteen experts from different countries and legal systems that have
been nominated and elected by State parties but act as individuals rather than representatives of
their countries. 118 In response to the execution conducted by Saudi Arabia on January 2, 2016, the
Committee, in its October 25, 2016 report, expressed a deep concern that the country had executed
109 What is the Security Council?, U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL, www.un.org/en/sc/about/.
110 U.N Charter art. 24, ¶ 1.
111 U.N Charter art. 25.
112 Marko Divac Oberg, The Legal Effects of Resolutions of the UN Security Council and General Assembly in the
Jurisprudence of the ICJ, 16 EUR. J. OF INT’L L. 879, 884 (2005).
113 U.N. Charter art. 41.
114 See generally S.C. Res. 2341 (Feb. 13, 2017).
117 Monitoring the fulfilment of States obligations, UNICEF (Nov. 30, 2005),
https://www.unicef.org/crc/index_30210.html [hereinafter UNICEF].