Eliminating the Practice of Female Genital Mutilation in Somalia 91
million signatures. The Prime Minister was quoted stating that he was “committed to outlawing
FGM in Somalia through legislation, advocacy, education and community engagement to confront
the social norms that encourage the FGM practices within the society.”
Some activists believe that female genital mutilation will not end unless Somalia receives
help from outside authorities, while others believe that the practice will end when the Somali
themselves start to believe that the practice is wrong. Undeniably, more strides must be taken to
end the mutilation of young girls in Somalia. The change to Somalia’s Constitution in 2012 was a
huge stride for the country, but it was not enough, considering at least two million girls continue
to undergo the procedure each year. Legislation banning female genital mutilation throughout
Somalia must be passed and that legislation must be enforced to truly eliminate the practice. There
must also be a shift in cultural beliefs to eliminate FGM. Activists and organizations are on the
right path to ending the practice, but more must be done to protect Somalian girls.
Abdurrahman Warsameh, Somalia's 'Cultural Shift' Means Less-Severe Form of FGM, INTER PRESS SERVICE (June
20, 2013), http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/06/somalias-cultural-shift-means-less-severe-form-of-fgm/.
Call to eliminate female genital mutilation, CAPE TIMES (SOUTH AFRICA) (Feb. 9, 2016),
Emanuela Zuccalà, Female Genital Mutilation: Hope Blooms in Somaliland, BHEKISISA (May 26, 2016),
Female Genital Mutilation, WORLD HEALTH ORG. (Feb, 2017), http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/.
Female Genital Mutilation Banned Under Somalia's New Constitution, THE GUARDIAN (Aug. 17, 2012),
Laws/Enforcement in Countries Where FGM is Commonly Practiced, U.S.DE P’T OF ST. (2009), https://2001-
Louise Donovan, 'My Mother Still Thinks FGM Was Good for Me', ELLE UK (Sept. 6, 2017),
Rakotomalala, The Struggle to End Female Genital Mutilation in Africa trans. Sarah McLernon, GLOBAL VOICES
(Jan. 27, 2017), https://globalvoices.org/2017/01/27/the-struggle-to-end-female-genital-mutilation-in-africa/.
Reversing the Spell of Superstition, The Star (Mar. 18, 2009), https://www.pressreader.com/south-africa/the-star-late-
Rishi Iyengar, Somalian Prime Minister Backs Petition to End FGM, TIME (Mar. 23, 2016),
S. AFR. CONST., 2008
SOM. CONST., 2012