12 Children’s Legal Rights Journal [Vol. 38: 1 2018]
in part, to the measure that the UN uses. 51 The Code Blue Campaign reports with regard to UN
tabulated allegations of international peacekeeper incidents of SEA that:
…an “allegation” is a unique UN unit of measurement that doesn’t represent
one perpetrator or one victim. The UN groups as many as ten sex crimes
together and counts them as a single “allegation”—a statistical manoeuvre
described in a New York press briefing by a top peacekeeping official last
month as a "science and art.”. 52
Furthermore, the victims’ likely fear of stigmatization should they report the SEA, and their
concern over possible retaliation by community members or others should they go forward with
their allegations, may also depress the reporting and undermine the accuracy of the UN SEA
alleged incident statistics.
On April 13, 2016, “AIDS-Free World…received leaked information that 41 additional
cases of sexual violence by peacekeepers have been documented by MINUSCA, the United
Nations peacekeeping mission in the CAR, following interviews with victims in Dekoa, a remote
town in the country’s Kemo prefecture.” 53 These allegations were based on interviews with 59
women and girls. 54 It is clear that SEA of child civilians and other civilians in CAR continues
largely unabated with relative impunity of the international peacekeepers involved. This rampant
impunity appears to prevail whether the perpetrators be nationals of a troop-contributing country
as part of a military contingent, civilian or other members integrated into or allied with military
contingents, members of the peacekeeping personnel as part of a UN subsidiary organ, such as
MINUSCA, or UN non-military staff (Experts or Officials on Mission). 55
The UN Security Council extended the mandate of MINUSCA until November 15, 2017,
via Security Council Resolution 2301, adopted by the Security Council at its 7747th meeting on
26 July 2016.56 The Sangaris participation in the UN peacekeeping operations in CAR, however,
ended in October 2016, after three years of involvement, with France pulling 2000 Sangaris troops
from the region and leaving only 350 troops to back up the MINUSCA-UN peacekeeping
51 AIDS-Free World, The New UN Peacekeeper Sex Abuse Numbers No One Noticed, CODE BLUE(2016),
53 AIDS-Free World, Another 41 Allegations of Peacekeeper Sex Abuse Undisclosed by the UN, CODE BLUE (Apr. 13,
2016), http://www.codebluecampaign.com/press-releases/2016/4/13. See also Associated Press, UN reports 31 new
allegations of sexual abuse against peacekeepers, workers: Fifteen of the allegations are against civilians doing work
for the UN refugee agency (Nov. 3, 2017), https://www.thestar.com/news/world/2017/11/03/un-reports-31-new-
allegations-of-sexual-abuse-against-peacekeepers-workers.html (last visited Feb. 24, 2018).
54 See id.
55 It has been suggested by some legal experts that there should be universal jurisdiction regarding SEA crimes by
international peacekeepers in order to ensure accountability. See Carla Ferstman, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by
Peacekeepers, U.S. INST. OF PEACE, Special Report 335, at 8 (Sept. 2013).
56 S. C. Res. 2301, at 8 (July 26, 2016).