234 Children’s Legal Rights Journal [Vol. 37:2 2017]
Along with the need to combat warfare and chaos in Syria, foreign governments must
step in to protect Syrian refugees fleeing from their country. In the United States, an interim
immigration status exists called "Temporary Protected Status" to immediately protect refugees
from strife and violence in their home countries. 186 Temporary Protected Status ("TPS") is based
on the idea that sometimes the normal immigration policy should "be eclipsed in favor of the
more immediate need to protect people." 187 Thus, TPS is a tool that foreign governments can use
to provide Syrian refugees with "safe harbor during the storm." 188
In light of the challenges in combating human trafficking, broad consensus has emerged
in the anti-trafficking community that improving state anti-trafficking policy is the most
"pressing challenge in the fight against human trafficking" in the United States. 189 Numerous
NGOs and organizations have proposed model state anti-trafficking statutes and also reviewed
and graded current human trafficking laws in hopes that "naming and shaming" could spur
reform in laggard states. 190 In July of 2010, the Uniform Law Commission created a uniform
comprehensive anti-trafficking statute for state legislatures to adopt, named the Uniform Act on
Prevention of and Remedies for Human Trafficking. 191 The Uniform Act contains a
straightforward safe harbor provision, providing total immunity from criminal and juvenile
delinquency proceedings for any minor in prostitution and for any individual who was a minor at
the time of their offense. 192 The Act also incorporates various victim assistance provisions aimed
at helping victims become survivors, ensuring all victims' eligibility for services regardless of
their immigration status. 193 Victims of trafficking may also bring civil suits under the Act against
their traffickers for any sort of legal relief, as deemed appropriate by the court, which may also
include punitive damages. 194 Lastly, the Act allows trafficking victims to apply to the
appropriate court to have his or her criminal records vacated upon a showing that his or her
the crime was a direct result of being a victim of human trafficking. 195
To further promote awareness and education about human trafficking, the Act requires
posting of the phone number of the National Human Trafficking Resource Center at various
locations around each state, including rest areas, transportation stations, strip clubs, sexually-oriented businesses, job recruitment centers, hospital and emergency care providers, and any
entity found to be involved in prostitution of trafficking victims. 196 The Act also requires that the
state human trafficking council collect data on trafficking in the individual state and report its
findings annually to the governor, legislature, or both; this is meant to remedy the lack of reliable
data about the operations of human trafficking in the United States. 197
186 Emily Smith, Stopgap Sanctuary: Temporary Protected Status and the Syrian
Conflict, 52 HOUS. LAW. 26, 26-27 (2014).
189 Hall, supra note 46, at 873.
191 Id. at 874.
192 Id. at 885-86.
193 Id. at 887.
194 Id. at 888.
195 Hall, supra note 46, at 889.
196 Id. at 890.