196 Children’s Legal Rights Journal [Vol. 37:2 2017]
for the integrity of the competition, people continue to watch and support the Olympics.112
Notwithstanding the pervasive negative connotations of doping in sports, on October 28, 2016, the
New York Times published an article featuring the usually obscure sport of bodybuilding,113 a
sport notorious for the rumored rampant use of performance-enhancing drugs by its athletes.114
In sum, a glance through different aspects of contemporary society reveals that now more
than ever before, society values those who are faster, stronger and more capable in an ever-increasing race to the top,115 in a world in which opportunities to succeed are narrowing at an
alarming rate.116 A conclusion that derives from this observation is that in today’s society it might
be necessary, rather than just desirable to be “enhanced.”117 It is at this juncture that society’s
absorption of Transhumanist “enhancement” values has led to the rise of the “designer baby”
While critics of possible human applications of genetic engineering technologies decry
their use because it can lead to “designer babies,”118 the reality is that current societal trends enable
prospective parents to make conscious decisions to have children with specific traits, even without
the use of genetic engineering. Online dating sites allow customers to select potential partners
based on specific physical traits.119 Companies sell tests to parents designed to measure the child’s
112 See Halloway, supra note 110.
113 John Branch, No One Is Looking at This Headline, N. Y. TIMES (Oct. 28, 2016),
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/29/sports/phil-heath-mr-olympia-bodybuilder.html. The author commented on the
use of performance-enhancing drugs in bodybuilding: “Their murky role in bodybuilding has long shrouded the
sport. A 2013 documentary…. called “Generation Iron,”… called the topic ‘taboo.’ It then insinuated that, of course,
bodybuilders competing in top-level contests… use steroids.” Id. To this, the 2016 bodybuilding champion of the
Mr. Olympia bodybuilding competition, Phil Heath, stated: “Everybody is going to do what they do[.]” Id.
114 There is a notable lack of mainstream media coverage of bodybuilding. For example, the biggest competition in
the sport, the Mr. Olympia competition, has not had television coverage for many years. See The Rock Announces
Next Year’s Olympia Will be on CBS Sports, GI TEAM, http://generationiron.com/rock-announces-next-years-olympia-will-cbs-sports (last visited May 12, 2017). It is the Author’s opinion that coverage from the New York
Times signals an increased acceptance of the sport and what it implies, the acceptance of visible physiological
enhancement, in bodybuilding’s case, through anabolic steroids. See also Chris Street, The Steroids Interviews –
Professional Bodybuilding, T NATION, https://www.t-nation.com/steroids/steroid-interviews-professional-bodybuilding (last visited Mar. 24, 2017); See Arnold Schwarzenegger Admits Steroids Use (1977) Full Interview,
ESPN Classic, YOUTUBE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fp9Z_KGkxFo. See also London Reel, Dorian Yates,
Steroid Use, YOUTUBE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m2PzkGKvdcE. (last visited May 12, 2017).
115 See Sarah Green Carmichael, The Research Is Clear: Long Hours Backfire for People and for Companies, HARV.
BUS. REV. (Aug. 19, 2015), https://hbr.org/2015/08/the-research-is-clear-long-hours-backfire-for-people-and-for-
116 Indeed, it is evident that the competitiveness of the job market will only increase over time. See Special Report;
Automation and Anxiety; Will Smarter Machines Cause Mass Unemployment?, ECONOMIST (Jun. 25, 2016),
automation-and-anxiety; see also Recovery; Job Growth and Education Requirements Through 2020, GEORGETOWN
U. PUB. POL’Y INSTIT. & CTR. ON EDUC. AND THE WORKFORCE, (June 2013), https://cew.georgetown.edu/wp-
content/uploads/2014/11/ Recovery2020.FR_. Web_.pdf; see also Tim Worstall, Manufacturing Jobs Just Aren’t
Good Middle Class Jobs Anymore, FORBES, (Nov. 21, 2014),
more/#5670b1817007; See America’s Shrinking Middle Class: A Close Look at Changes Within Metropolitan
Areas, PEW RES. CTR, (May 11, 2016), http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/05/11/americas-shrinking-middle-
117 MEHLMAN, supra note 48, at 50.
118 Annas, Andrews & Isasi, supra note 13, at 161-62.
119 MEHLMAN, supra note 48, at 25.