Appendix A: Excerpt from Draft Model Code (Section on “Approach to School Discipline
and the Investigative Process”)
If there is an incident, our district or school takes the following steps:
Impose Exclusionary Discipline Only as a Last Resort
Impose discipline that takes the student out of the classroom and/or school only as a last resort and when
available alternatives have been exhausted. Follow the steps in the due process framework when any
exclusionary discipline is being considered.
Document All Interventions & Measures
Document all positive interventions and other disciplinary measures used in addressing the student’s
behavior, collect data regarding the outcomes of the intervention, and explain which measures worked or
have not worked.
Refer Student to Appropriate Support Services or Restorative Interventions
Refer student to appropriate services or restorative interventions to assist student to understand the
consequences that result from such conduct and empower the student to formulate solutions to restore the
situation. This process is designed to be cooperative, rather than adversarial.
Review the Disciplinary Checklist
Consider all factors that may have contributed to the incident and whether supports could address those
factors without removing the student from school. See the graphic below and the disciplinary checklist.
Meet with the
Talk to all
that may have
Consider existing data,
referrals and prior
parent or guardian
Consider Immediate Classroom-Based or Restorative Interventions
Consider whether the incident can be appropriately responded to in the classroom, through restorative practices or through
school-based interventions, without the need to gather additional information or make disciplinary referrals. Redirect
students to correct inappropriate behavior and minimize the likelihood of the behavior escalating or recurring.