a number of measures in place that recognize that children must be treated differently than the
average adult witness or victim. For instance, the ICC provides children with added protections
when they are testifying before it, including access to staff trained in child trauma. 141 However,
while the ICC’s efforts at including children may be viewed as more advanced than the
approaches that have been taken by other international criminal tribunals, such as the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Tribunal for the
former Yugoslavia, 142 additional measures should be taken to provide children with the necessary
resources and protection to properly exercise their right to be heard.
The ICC may employ a variety of measures to advance the rights of child victims and
witnesses to be heard, including: (1) employing education campaigns that both identify who can
participate, how participation may occur, and what protective measures are available;
(2) amending the application procedure to make it more child-friendly; (3) improving the setting
in which children are interviewed; (4) making sure that children are not interviewed more than is
necessary; 143 (5) providing options for anonymity of child witnesses when appropriate and when
such anonymity does not serve to violate the due process rights of the accused; and (6) after a
verdict has been rendered, making sure that child witnesses and victims know how the
information that they provided was used and rendering child-friendly information regarding the
holding and outcome of the case, as well as the way in which the ICC involved child participants.
This list, while by no means exhaustive, does suggest a point at which reform may start in order
to make the ICC an environment that further advances the best interests of the child and is even
more respectful of the right of the child to be heard.
141 See supra Part III.E.
142 See supra Part III.A.
143 It should be noted that the previous two suggestions also comply with suggestions made by the Committee on the Rights of the
Child in Gen. Cmt. No. 12, supra note 22, ¶¶ 23, 24, 34; see also supra notes 52–54 and accompanying text.