Article 6 (Survival and development): Children have the right to live.
Governments should ensure that children survive and develop healthily.11
. . . .
Article 19 (Protection from all forms of violence): Children have the right
to be protected from harm and mistreatment, physically or mentally.
Governments should ensure that children are properly cared for and
protect them from violence, abuse, and neglect by their parents or anyone
else who looks after them.12
. . . .
Article 39 (Rehabilitation of child victims): Children who have been
neglected, abused or exploited should receive special help to physically
and psychologically recover and reintegrate into society. Particular
attention should be paid to restoring the health, self-respect and dignity of
In Chicago, the ongoing violence in many communities, accompanied by
society’s current inability to address the underlying drivers of that violence,14 frequently
deprives children of the rights to survival and development, protection from all forms of
violence, and rehabilitation of child victims. As this Article will discuss, however,
emerging population level approaches to violence prevention present opportunities to
reframe current models of public safety, which, in turn, would help Chicago achieve a
closer alignment with the rights guaranteed to children in the CRC.15 The CRC’s
framework can also help to shape efforts to advance and advocate for wider
implementation of these preventative population level approaches.16
11 Id. at art. 6.
12 Id. at art. 19.
13 Id. at art. 39.
14 See infra Part III.
15 See infra Part III-IV.
16 See BRINGING HUMAN RIGHTS HOME, supra note 9, at 10 (discussing how groups in Los Angeles,
California have used the legal framework of the CRC and other international human rights treaties to
advocate against the death penalty, racism and other forms of discrimination, and raise awareness of the
increasing violence against homeless people).