federal TVPA,121 as well as the combined framework of existing
New York and Washington state laws and use them as a guide for
establishing comprehensive and effective legislation. Together, these
frameworks fulfill the essential requirements for adequate state
legislation and policy on domestic minor sex trafficking as set forth
by Shared Hope International and the Polaris Project. These two
organizations are at the forefront of advocating for successful human
trafficking legislative reform and assisting lawmakers and advocates
in the fight against human trafficking and slavery in the United
States. Their main goal is to provide long-term solutions to the
problem and eradicate slavery, both nationally and abroad.122 The
Polaris Project and Shared Hope International provide services to
trafficking victims, conduct research and publish articles on the issue,
and lobby for progressive trafficking legislation at the federal and
state levels.123 States should coordinate their legislation with the
suggestions of these organizations and align with their missions. This
will allow states to establish corresponding policies throughout the
In 2008, New York became the first state to enact a Safe
Harbor law, creating family court alternatives for children instead of
incarceration for prostitution-related offenses.124 New York is a
primary hub for human trafficking, both nationally and
internationally;125 therefore, it must simultaneously provide
assistance to a large number of victims and combat a large number of
criminal enterprises. Thus, the state’s domestic minor trafficking
polices are a primary example for all states. Further, Washington
state was awarded the highest grade under the 2012 Polaris Project’s
121 See supra note 57; see also discussion supra Part III.A (explaining the federal
“trafficking-victim based model”).
122 About Polaris Project, POLARIS PROJECT, http://www.polarisproject.org/about-us/overview (last visited Mar. 20, 2013); Our Mission and Values, SHARED HOPE
INT’L, http://sharedhope.org/who-we-are/our-mission-and-values/ (last visited Mar.
123 About Polaris Project, supra note 122; Our Mission and Values, supra note 122.
124 See HUMAN TRAFFICKING LEGISLATIVE ISSUE BRIEF, supra note 14, at 1.
125 See NY State Policy Project, supra note 17.