prostitution in Queens, New York in 2008 and 2009.”91 Robinson
would set up “dates” for Jane Doe, and profited from these acts of
prostitution as well as from her work as a stripper.92 Phone calls
made by Robinson to Jane Doe from various correctional facilities
were admitted into evidence and illustrated Robinson’s abuse and
control of Jane Doe and established the pimp or trafficker role that
Robinson maintained in Jane Doe’s life.93
Despite the fact that Jane Doe admitted to lying about her age
and telling everyone, including Robinson, that she was nineteen years
old, the district court convicted Robinson of sex trafficking of a
minor and, on January 21, 2011, sentenced Robinson to 180 months
in prison with five years of supervised release after time served.94
The court explained that Robinson, “(1) knew that Jane Doe was
under the age of eighteen, [and] (2) recklessly disregarded that
fact.”95 The appellate court recognized the district court’s detailed
remarks during sentencing, stating that the:
[V]ery chilling, really, ownership of [Jane Doe] by the
defendant and the threats . . . that he wasn’t kidding
around when he said he was going to come home and
beat her up, the evidence in the conversations
themselves that he had done that in the past and she
still came back, and the use of that control to force
[men] on her, and I mean force . . . . That bundle of
activity—the ownership of a person, the threatening,
the physical abuse, forcing them to become a
prostitute—is so much more worthy of . . .
condemnation expressed in the form of jail time than
most of the federal crimes we see.96
92 Id. at 28.
93 Id. at 28-29.
94 Id. at 29.
95 Robinson, 702 F.3d at 29.
96 Id. at 39.