A Closer Examination of Family Group Decision Making in
state.71 Regardless, child welfare NGOs in Ethiopia have minimal
outreach capacities and limited funding, and do not reach the poorest
communities,72 as 85 percent of the population lives in rural areas
and are often alienated from the central government.73 In addition to
limited organizational support, the Ethiopian government has not
made a concerted effort to assist in the care of orphaned children.
In January 2009, the Ethiopian parliament passed its first
comprehensive law governing the registration and regulation of
NGOs, entitled the Charities and Societies Proclamation No.
621/2009 (“CSP”).74 This Proclamation, one of the most
controversial NGO laws in the world, prohibits NGOs from engaging
in essentially all humanitarian rights and advocacy activities.75
Specifically, this law restricts Ethiopian Charities or Societies76 from
participating in activities that “advance human and democratic
rights.”77 Organizations that do so, including those that “promote the
rights of disabled and children’s rights,” are prohibited from
receiving more than ten percent of their funding from foreign
sources.78 This is especially concerning in Ethiopia, where domestic
funding is limited and NGOs are often dependent on foreign
73 CHILD SITUATION ANALYSIS FOR ETHIOPIA, supra note 34, at 4.
74 AMNESTY INT’L, STIFLING HUMAN RIGHTS WORK: THE IMPACT OF CIVIL
SOCIETY LEGISLATION IN ETHIOPIA 5 (2012) [hereinafter STIFLING HUMAN RIGHTS
f0fd-4b43-9ff8-635073d60f44/afr250022012en.pdf; NGO LAW MONITOR:
ETHIOPIA, supra note 41, at 1.
75 STIFLING HUMAN RIGHTS WORK, supra note 74, at 5.
76 NGO LAW MONITOR: ETHIOPIA, supra note 41, at 5 (describing the
organizational forms for registered, not-for-profit organizations).
78 Id.; Proclamation to Provide for the Registration and Regulation of Charities and
Societies, Proclamation No. 621/2009 (Feb. 13, 2009),
79 NGO LAW MONITOR: ETHIOPIA, supra note 41, at 5; see also STIFLING HUMAN
RIGHTS WORK, supra note 74, at 12 (explaining that collecting funding from local
sources is not realistic, as “[a] tradition of philanthropy does not exist in Ethiopia,