victims the opportunity to obtain information regarding availability
of services and places to stay in their respective state. 294 The posting
of a national hotline also allows for the submission of anonymous
tips, which may eventually lead to successful prosecution of
traffickers and the subsequent freeing of victims. 295
Lastly, a civil remedy must be available to victims for
damages, as well as medical costs, that they have incurred due to
their involuntary participation in the sex trafficking operation. 296 The
civil remedy is recommended due to the fact that criminal cases are
often not pursued, leaving victims uncompensated. 297 Civil remedies
may include compensatory damages, punitive damages, or attorney’s
Congress as a whole continues to fail to reauthorize the
TVPA. The Senate passed a reauthorization bill in February 2013,
but to date the House has not passed such a bill. As such, the TVPA
reauthorization is still not law today. This failure reflects poorly on
our nation’s attitude toward the enslavement of our children and
underscores the importance for states to implement appropriate
legislative responses to domestic minor trafficking. All states are
capable of establishing policy that effectively combats domestic
minor trafficking and adequately protects our nation’s children from
Together, New York and Washington illustrate some of the
best methods and policies to address the issue of domestic minor sex
trafficking. Progressive legislative reformers and community
advocates should use this Article’s recommendations and examples
to coordinate comprehensive legislative frameworks and to ensure
the enactment of similar laws across the country.
294 See Johnson, supra note 263.
295 See Hotline FAQs, supra note 260; Hotline Successes, supra note 260.
296 See PROTECTED INNOCENCE CHALLENGE, supra note 5, at 22.
297 See id.