of less than one percent for those individuals who successfully
completed the class. 279 This low recidivism rate proves that John
Schools are able to successfully educate buyers and cause a reduction
States should use high penalties for sex trafficking of minors
as an additional tool in addressing the issue of domestic minor sex
trafficking. 280 Possible prison sentences, as well as financial
penalties, must be as harsh as federal law. 281 For the crime of
domestic minor sex trafficking, federal law provides for prison
sentences ranging from ten to fifteen years to life depending on the
age of the victim. 282 In addition, financial penalties must be high
because the driving force behind the sex trafficking of children is the
economic profit to the trafficker. 283 Financial penalties should
include possible fines, at least as high as $50,000, as well as asset
forfeiture upon arrest of the trafficker for the crime of sex trafficking
of a child. 284
Lastly, each state should establish a human trafficking task
force that allows for interagency coordination and evaluation of the
state’s progress in addressing the problem of domestic minor sex
trafficking. 285 No one single agency has the ability to address and
combat human trafficking alone. 286 In addition, most human
279 See Saul, supra note 159.
280 See PROTECTED INNOCENCE LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK METHODOLOGY, supra
note 148, at 5-6.
282 See TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT, supra note 7, at 361; see also 18
U.S.C.A. § 1591(b)(1), (2) (West 2013) (outlining the length of possible prison
sentences, based on the age of the victim, under these federal statutory provisions
for domestic minor sex trafficking).
283 See PROTECTED INNOCENCE CHALLENGE, supra note 5, at 61.
284 See WASH. REV. CODE ANN. § 9A.40.100(1)(a) (West 2013); WASH. REV. CODE
ANN. § 9.68A.101 (West 2013); WASH. REV. CODE ANN. § 9A.88.140 (West
2013), amended by S.H.B. 1291, 63d Leg., Reg. Sess. (Wash 2013); WASH. REV.
CODE ANN. § 9A.88.150 (West 2013).
285 See N.Y. SOC. SERV. LAW § 483-ee (McKinney 2013).
286 THE ACTION GRP. TO END HUMAN TRAFFICKING & MODERN-DAY SLAVERY,
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FIGHTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN THE UNITED STATES
AND ABROAD: TRANSITION REPORT FOR THE NEXT PRESIDENTIAL ADMINISTRATION
8 (2008), http://www.freetheslaves.net/Document.Doc?id=96.