the Polaris Project gave Washington the highest rating of all states. 247
In 2011, Shared Hope International awarded Washington an overall
grade of “B.” 248 Thus, this Article advocates for the implementation
of Washington state statutory provisions as model gap-fillers for
other states to further the formulation of comprehensive legislation
that meets all necessary criteria as outlined by Shared Hope
International and the Polaris Project.
1. Shared Hope International: policies for victim
identification and penalizing traffickers
New York fails to address two of Shared Hope International’s
key policy areas: (1) effective victim identification procedures; and
(2) adequate criminal punishment and financial penalties for
traffickers. As discussed earlier, victim identification and appropriate
trafficker penalties are extremely important facets of addressing and
combating domestic minor trafficking.
As reported in the U.S. Department of State’s Trafficking in
Persons Report, “[f]ederal, state, and local law enforcement agencies
face ongoing challenges in victim identification.” 249 However, the
report suggests, “more trafficking specific training to youth outreach
and shelter programs would enable outreach workers to better
identify and assist child trafficking victims.” 250 The Washington
Anti-Trafficking Response Network (“WARN”) offers “training and
education for service providers, law enforcement, stakeholders and
community groups” 251 to “increase victim identification, build
community capacity to serve victims, and improve response to
human trafficking in Washington State.” 252 Other organizations
should employ a similar multidisciplinary response to victim
247 See HOW DOES YOUR STATE RATE ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING LAWS IN 2012?,
supra note 20, at 5.
248 See PROTECTED INNOCENCE CHALLENGE, supra note 5, at 11 (stating that under
the Shared Hope International framework, as discussed earlier in this article, no
states received the grade of an “A”).
249 See TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT, supra note 7, at 363.
251 Services, WARN: WASH. ANTI-TRAFFICKING RESPONSE NETWORK,
http://warn-trafficking.org/services/ (last visited Mar. 21, 2013).
252 About Us, WARN: WASH. ANTI-TRAFFICKING RESPONSE NETWORK,
http://warn-trafficking.org/about-us/ (last visited Mar. 21, 2013).