runaway and homeless youth program, approved respite or crisis
program providing crisis intervention or respite services or
community based program to serve sexually exploited children is
available to children residing in [each] district.” 236 In addition, the
Safe Harbor Act provides for the availability of these services to all
sexually exploited children “whether they are accessed voluntarily, as
a condition of an adjournment in contemplation of dismissal issued in
criminal court, through the diversion services . . . of the family court
act . . . or through a referral from a local social services agency.” 237
The Polaris Project highlights Investigative Tools and
Training for Law Enforcement as two separate categories. The
Polaris Project defines the category of Investigative Tools to
incorporate statutes that amend “existing Racketeering (“RICO”)
statutes to include the crime of human trafficking or authorizes the
use of wiretapping by law enforcement in human trafficking
investigations.” 238 New York’s statutory framework allows law
enforcement to use wiretapping and video surveillance in
investigations that involve promoting prostitution in the first and
second degree, as well as in labor trafficking cases. 239 New York also
has a statute that encourages law enforcement training in human
trafficking issues. 240
New York has established, by statute, a state Human
Trafficking Task Force that is composed of government officials,
community members, and social service agency staff. 241 The duties
of the Task Force, as outlined in the statute, are to: (1) collect data on
the status of human trafficking in the state; (2) identify programs at
the federal and local level that provide services to victims; (3) consult
with both government and non-governmental organizations to
develop recommendations to prevent trafficking, prosecute
traffickers, and protect victims; (4) build interagency collaboration;
236 See N. Y. SOC. SERV. LAW § 447-b(1).
237 See N. Y. SOC. SERV. LAW § 447-b(2).
238 See HOW DOES YOUR STATE RATE ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING LAWS IN 2012?,
supra note 20, at 2.
239 See N.Y. CRIM. PROC. LAW § 700.05(8)(b), (h) (McKinney 2013).
240 See N.Y. SOC. SERV. LAW § 483-ee(b)(6) (McKinney 2013).
241 See N. Y. SOC. SERV. LAW § 483-ee(a).