such as Philadelphia, to consider using it as a model for their
Due to the John School’s success, it proves to be an effective
avenue for addressing the Shared Hope International policy
requirement of deterring and eliminating demand for commercial
sexual exploitation of minors. States should use the John School as
an element for successful and effective legislative response to
domestic minor sex trafficking.
An additional tool in successfully addressing domestic minor
sex trafficking in the United States is the prosecution of traffickers.
Shared Hope International suggests that criminal statutory provisions
for traffickers should include high penalties for child sex trafficking,
similar to the federal level of punishment, as well as sufficient
financial penalties for traffickers, such as asset forfeiture.169 Because
the driving force behind trafficking is the high profit that is received
by the trafficker, significant levels of punishment and financial
penalties are “critical to increasing criminal deterrence and disrupting
criminal trafficking enterprises, as well as offsetting the cost of
investigating, prosecuting and providing services to restore victims’
In New York, for example, sex trafficking is defined as the
intentional profiting from prostitution by doing any of the following
acts: (1) providing the victim with drugs as outlined by statute; (2)
making false statements or omissions to induce a person to engage in
prostitution; (3) taking or destroying identification documents,
including passports and immigration documents; (4) requiring
prostitution as repayment of a debt; or (5) using any force or fearful
scheme to coerce or compel a person to engage in prostitution.171 Sex
168 See id.
169 PROTECTED INNOCENCE LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK METHODOLOGY, supra note
148, at 5-6.
170 Id. at 8.
171 N. Y. PENAL LAW § 230.34(1)-(5) (McKinney 2013); see also Marihug Cedeño,
Note, Pimps, Johns, and Juvenile Prostitutes: Is New York Doing Enough to
Combat the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children?, 22 CORNELL J.L. &
PUB. POL’Y 153, 168-69 (2012) (discussing N. Y. PENAL LAW § 230.34(1)-(5)).